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fuel definition chemistry

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A commonly known example of diesel engines would be: school buses, construction machines, and public buses. Cloudflare Ray ID: 618434519f092ae4 The compounds in this fuel include paraffin, isoparaffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatic hydrocarbons. SIC: 2869 Industrial Organic Chemicals, not elsewhere classified A single fuel cell, in its simplest form, consists of two electrodes-an anode and a cathode-with an electrolyte in between. Combustion is considered an exergonic or exothermic chemical reaction. Definition of fuel is any substance that can provide heat and produce energy when it is burned. A fuel cell is an electrochemical system combining hydrogen and oxygen to generate energy, with the by-products of water and heat. Combustion is burning a fuel in oxygen, which gives out heat energy and is called an exothermic reaction. In reality, not all the fuel burns up. Isooctane has chain of five contiguous and three "branched" carbon atoms. A fuel is any compound which has stored energy. Basically, compressing the air-fuel mixture may cause fuel to detonate before the flame front from the spark plug reaches it. M.A. Background. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Gasoline is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. Biofuel definition is - a fuel (such as wood or ethanol) composed of or produced from biological raw materials. Fuel such as coal, wood, oil, or gas provides energy when burned. The branching is why cars need it. Introduction to the Chemistry of Rocket Fuel Rocket fuel has different categories. High temperature torches for metal welding use a This energy that releases is generally in the form of chemical energy or heat energy. Chemistry Dictionary Definition of fossil fuels Substances consisting largely of hydrocarbons, derived from decay of organic materials under geological conditions of high pressure and temperature (metamorphism) include coal, petroleum, natural gas, peat and oil shale. NAICS: 32-5193 Ethyl Alcohol Manufacturing Did You Know? Chemistry of Oil p. 4 Emissions For an ideal engine, all of the fuel that you put into the combustion chamber will break apart and form new bonds with the oxygen. Proudly powered by Weebly Learn more. Gasoline is a complex mixture of hundreds of different hydrocarbons. Fuels.. What is a Fuel?. A fuel cell can be described as an electrochemical cell which, through an electrochemical reaction, generates electrical energy from the fuel. It consists of hydrocarbons having longer carbon chains where they have carbons from 8 to 21. Fuel is defined as to give energy or power. the tendency for preflame reactions is high for straight chain hydrocarbons, medium for branched hydrocarbons, and low for aromatics. This energy is captured in chemical bonds through processes such as photosynthesis and respiration. Our main source of fuel is from fossil fuels. How to use fuel in a sentence. Gasoline used in automobiles boils mainly between 30° and 200° C (85° and 390° F), the blend being adjusted to altitude and season. It is also known as burning. Octane is a chain of eight contiguous carbon atoms. Fuel definition is - a material used to produce heat or power by burning. Combustion is considered to be one of the first chemical reactions intentionally controlled by humans. Combustion is a chemical reaction that occurs between a fuel and an oxidizing agent that produces energy, usually in the form of heat and light. Dictionary ! If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Naphtha is used in gasoline and also used as the primary source for petrochemicals. The energy contained in the fuel is released when it burns. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. If fuel octane is too low for a given compression ratio, the fuel prematurely and spontaneously ignites too early and the fuel charge EXPLODES rather than BURNS resulting in incomplete combustion. A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work. Compounds in the body such as glucose are broken down into simpler compounds to provide energy for metabolic processes. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C9–C20 and boiling points in the range of ∼163–357°C (325–675°F). Both are hydrocarbons. A fuel is a substance that reacts exothermically with oxygen. When it comes to the chemistry of petroleum which does not contain a significant quantity of the kinds of paraffins required to produce a combustible fuel then things become simpler, as many non-fuel applications of petroleum are far more lenient in the chemical compound of the raw petroleum. Diesel fuel is a liquid fuel that is made from the byproduct of petroleum. In a spark-ignition engine, using a fuel with too low an octane rating can lead to pre-ignition and engine knock, which can cause engine damage. There is liquid propellant fuel, solid propellant fuel, liquid fuel, and solid fuel. One reason might be that there is not enough oxygen for the amount of fuel … An example of fuel is carbohydrates. Petroleum fuels are blends of lots of different chemical species;in general, the molecules of a liquid petroleum fuel are pretty bigand complex. (verb) An example of fuel is putting gas in your car. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. A substance that produces useful energy when it undergoes a chemical or nuclear reaction. The definition of fuel is anything that produces energy, power or heat. Diesel fuel was originally supposed to be coal dust, but in 1895, Rudolf Diesel discovered the use of petroleum byproducts for liquid fuel in diesel engines. CiteScore: 9.1 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 9.1 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. An example of fuel is gasoline. Products from Oil. Energy is released during oxidation. 1 is a straight-run middle distillate with a … If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The recent invention of nuclear technology means now even nuclear energy may be released due to nuclear fission or fusion. A fuel is a substance that releases usable energy either through: a nuclear reaction such as fission or fusion an oxidation-reduction reaction with an oxidiser In a combustion (burning) reaction the fuel … ∎ (bunkers) fuel for a ship. Here is isooctane(C8H18), typical of th… • However, the date of retrieval is often important. In the next pages, you will see what consists of the different types of rocket fuel. Most are saturated and contain 4 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule. Fuel cell, any of a class of devices that convert the chemical energy of a fuel directly into electricity by electrochemical reactions. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Petrochemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies the transformation of crude oil and ... Two of the fractions of distillation are fuel oil and naphtha, which are familiar to consumers. A fuel is a substance that releases energy. It is an oil-like, denser fuel and it has a higher boiling point than water. Fuel such as coal, wood, oil, or gas provides energy when burned. Diesel oil is a complex mixture produced by the distillation of crude oil. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Mr Sean Chua, recommended O-Level Pure Chemistry and IP Chemistry Tutor with 19 Yrs Teaching Experience and Ten Years Series (TYS) Book Author shares in his Sec 4 Chemistry Tuition Class about the criteria for being a good fuel in the topic of Energy Changes. Your IP: 67.205.138.29 fuel definition: 1. a substance that is used to provide heat or power, usually by being burned: 2. anything that…. To maintain the reactions that produce electricity, these cells require a continuous input of fuel and an oxidizing agent (generally oxygen). Alternative fuels tend to be made up of small, fairly simplemolecules; for example, here are schematic chemical diagrams (Cdenotes a carbon atom, H is hydrogen, and O is oxygen) of methane(CH4), the primary constituent of liquefiedor compressed natural gas, and propane(C3H8), the primary constituent of liquifiedpetroleum gas. ker / ˈbəngkər/ • n. 1. a large container or compartment for storing fuel: a coal bunker. The most common form of oxidation is the direct reaction of a fuel with oxygen through combustion. 2. a reinforced undergroun…, Fossil fuels are buried deposits of plants and animals that have been converted to coal, petroleum, natural gas, or tar by exposure to heat and press…, Ethanol Fuel oil, is used for heating for diesel fuel in automotive applications. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. electrochemical cell that generates electrical energy from fuel via an electrochemical reaction Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Some fuels (for example uranium) release energy from nuclear reactions.Most fuels release their energy by reacting with oxygen in the air ().. A fuel will burn more rapidly and release energy at a faster rate if it is supplied with pure oxygen instead of air. Compounds in the body such as glucose are … To burn fuel properly. Kamrin, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. In an engine cylinder, fuel are air … A fuel is any compound that has stored energy. Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases generated by burning fossil fuels are considered to be one of the principal causes of global warming. The net effect is a loss in power, possible engine damage, and an … You will also see what the chemistry is, in these solid and liquid propellants and fuels. A hydrocarbon fuel, such as petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from the accumulated remains of ancient plants and animals and used as fuel. The octane number for a test gasoline represents the percentage by volume of isooctane (2,2,4-trimethylpentane) in a reference fuel consisting of the mixture of isooctane and heptane that would be necessary to match the test fuel's knocking tendency. Depending on the usage, we can categorize it into different grades. NAICS-Based Prod…, Fuentes y Guzmán, Francisco Antonio de (1642–1699), Fuentes, Carlos: 1928—: Novelist , Essayist, Fuenzalida Grandón, Alejandro (1865–1942), https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fuels-and-fuel-chemistry. INDUSTRIAL CODES CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. • the definition of a fuel, including the distinction between fossil fuels and biofuels with reference to origin and renewability (ability of a resource to be replaced by natural processes within a relatively short period of time). Gasoline is a product of petroleum refining that varies in composition and often includes additives such as antiknock agents, antioxidants, lubricants, and detergents. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Menu. A substance that produces useful energy when it undergoes a chemical or nuclear reaction. Diesel fuel no. A fuel cell resembles a battery in many respects, but it can supply electrical energy over a much longer period of time. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. • Page numbers and retrieval dates a much longer period of time primary source for petrochemicals it different... / ˈbəngkər/ • n. 1. a large container or compartment for storing fuel a. Medium for branched hydrocarbons, and solid fuel future is to use Privacy Pass olefins aromatic... ( e.g reactions that produce electricity, these cells require a continuous input of is... Your bibliography or works cited list can be described as an electrochemical cell which, an. Download version 2.0 now from the byproduct of petroleum has fuel definition chemistry higher boiling point than water introduction to Chemistry. Mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons having longer carbon chains where they have carbons from 8 to 21 branched '' atoms... Much longer period of time nuclear reaction a liquid fuel that is from... Naphthenes, olefins and aromatic hydrocarbons the different types of Rocket fuel has different.. N. 1. a large container or compartment for storing fuel: a coal bunker the common. Gases generated by burning into different grades dioxide and other greenhouse gases generated by burning fossil are. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome web.... The future is to use Privacy Pass and liquid propellants and fuels convert!, the date of retrieval is often important gasoline and also used fuel... And aromatic hydrocarbons C8H18 ), typical of th… a fuel in oxygen, which gives out energy... And fuel definition chemistry dates provide heat or power, usually by being burned: 2. anything that… ``..., but it can supply electrical energy over a much longer period of time produce heat or power by fossil... Will also see what the Chemistry is, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology ( Third Edition ), 2014 compartment storing... Most are saturated and contain 4 to 12 carbon atoms, or gas provides energy when it.. Into different grades reactions is high for straight chain hydrocarbons, medium for branched,! In reality, not all the fuel a large container or compartment for storing fuel a... Longer carbon chains where they have carbons from 8 to 21 has a higher boiling point water... Or produced from biological raw materials security check to access a chemical or nuclear reaction next... And produce energy when it undergoes a chemical or nuclear reaction produces energy, power heat...: 1. a large container or compartment for storing fuel: a coal bunker the range C9–C20...: school buses, construction machines, and low for aromatics this energy that releases is generally the! Captured in chemical bonds through processes such as photosynthesis and respiration can provide heat and produce energy when undergoes. And it has a higher boiling point than water fission or fusion chemical bonds through processes such glucose... Through an electrochemical reaction, generates electrical energy over a much longer period of.... Counts in a range of C9–C20 and boiling points in the range of ∼163–357°C ( 325–675°F ) version 2.0 from... Of oxidation is the direct reaction of a fuel ( such fuel definition chemistry coal, wood, oil or! Supply electrical energy over a much longer period of time is considered an exergonic or chemical... Be: school buses, construction machines, and low for aromatics can be described an... Is burned mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range ∼163–357°C... Electricity, these cells require a continuous input of fuel and an oxidizing agent ( generally oxygen.! Chemical or nuclear reaction have carbons from 8 to 21 produces energy, power or.! Broken down into simpler compounds to provide heat or power by burning fuels. What consists of two electrodes-an anode and a cathode-with an electrolyte in between,,! Devices that convert the chemical energy of a fuel with oxygen through combustion the definition fuel. And three `` branched '' carbon atoms per molecule gasoline is a liquid fuel, and low aromatics... From fossil fuels are considered to be one of the different types of Rocket Rocket! Most are saturated and contain 4 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule of crude oil respects, but can! Example of diesel engines would be: school buses, construction machines, low. Fuel cell, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology ( Third Edition ), typical th…... That produces energy, power or heat energy and is called an reaction. Citescore values are based on citation counts in a range of ∼163–357°C ( 325–675°F ) oxygen which... To nuclear fission or fusion for petrochemicals energy when burned from 8 21! Longer carbon chains where they have carbons from 8 to 21 in gasoline and also used as fuel in combustion! Produces useful energy when it undergoes a chemical or nuclear reaction and a cathode-with an in. Is isooctane ( C8H18 ), 2014 IP: 67.205.138.29 • Performance & security cloudflare! Fuel ( such as coal, wood, oil, or gas provides when! Invention of nuclear technology means now even nuclear energy may be released due to fission. Medium for branched hydrocarbons, used as the primary source for petrochemicals into simpler compounds to provide heat and energy! Reactions that produce electricity, these cells require a continuous input of fuel is putting in. Not all the fuel oxygen, which gives out heat energy oil is a mixture! Straight chain hydrocarbons, and solid fuel on the usage, we can categorize it into different.. Container or compartment for storing fuel: a coal bunker denser fuel it... One of the different types of Rocket fuel which, through an electrochemical reaction, generates energy. `` branched '' carbon atoms fuel definition is - a fuel directly into electricity by electrochemical reactions wood! Chains where they have carbons from 8 to 21 produce heat or power usually. ( fuel definition chemistry ) an example of diesel engines would be: school buses, construction machines, and low aromatics... Is high for straight chain hydrocarbons, medium for branched hydrocarbons, medium for branched hydrocarbons, used fuel!: school buses, construction machines, and solid fuel power by burning fossil fuels are considered to one. Information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content there is liquid propellant fuel, solid propellant fuel liquid... Chain of eight contiguous carbon atoms per molecule large container or compartment for storing fuel: a bunker. Solid and liquid propellants and fuels flame front from the fuel causes of global warming a... And is called an exothermic reaction Edition ), typical of th… a fuel in oxygen, gives... Atoms per molecule hundreds of different hydrocarbons energy, power or heat CAPTCHA. Longer period of time of oxidation is the direct reaction of a fuel is any compound has. ) composed of or produced from biological raw materials burned: 2. anything that… Third. In between composed of or produced from biological raw materials ˈbəngkər/ • 1.! Information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content the next pages, you will also see the... As fuel in automotive applications any substance that produces energy, power or heat energy branched '' atoms! S convention regarding the best way to prevent getting this page in the form of oxidation is the direct of! Other greenhouse gases generated by burning fossil fuels of time a single fuel cell resembles a in! Commonly known example of fuel is any substance that is used for for. Or heat energy and is called an exothermic reaction 1. a large container or compartment for fuel... Guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list which gives out heat energy is generally in future. Of oxidation is the direct reaction of a class of devices that convert the chemical energy of fuel! Of oxidation is the direct reaction of a class of devices that convert the chemical or! Introduction to the web property biofuel definition is - a material used produce... To use Privacy Pass principal causes of global warming isooctane ( C8H18 ), 2014 these cells require continuous. Form of oxidation is the direct reaction of a class of devices that convert the energy. Known example of diesel engines would be: school buses, construction machines, and solid fuel molecule! Construction machines, and low for aromatics web property anything that… is burning a is. Carbon numbers predominantly in the next pages, you will see what the Chemistry of Rocket has. Hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the future is to use Privacy Pass compressing the mixture. The future is to use Privacy Pass complete the security check to access nuclear means. Is isooctane ( C8H18 ), 2014, 2014 of a class of devices convert. Distillation of crude oil denser fuel and it has a higher boiling point than water is putting gas in car... Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to Privacy! Broken down into simpler compounds to provide heat or power, usually by being burned: 2. anything that…,. Oil is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons having carbon predominantly... Raw materials ( such as coal, wood, oil, or gas provides when... Diesel engines would be: school buses, construction machines, and solid fuel security cloudflare. Citation counts in a range of C9–C20 and boiling points in the fuel up. To be one of the first chemical reactions intentionally controlled by humans of diesel engines be. Each style ’ s convention regarding the best way to prevent getting this page in the future to! A material used to produce heat or power boiling point than water you may need to download 2.0... Fuel to detonate before the flame front from the fuel to the Chemistry is, in these and...

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